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BARRIER ISLAND PLANTS
ADJACENT MAINLAND PLANT LISTS

• Plants of natural origin inevitably congregate:
1) on sites that can provide the soil, water, and climate necessary for them to thrive
2) among other plants that contribute to and/or do not threaten their existence.

• Consequently, a different group of plants will occur naturally in each area that differs in soil type and fertility, water availability, and climate.

• These groups, or plant associations and the smaller plant communities responding to variations within them define the natural botanical identity of each place on the planet.

• And though they are naturally consistent within their core, their perimeters merge, resulting in the seamless tapestry of richness and diversity that Nature is.

• The Gulfcoast barrier islands plant list is divided into two broad plant associations, the Coastal Uplands and the Saline Wetlands. Each consists of two distinguishable plant communities that are the sections of this list. Though not discernable from the list, plants belonging to one community will in some locations self-divide themselves further into a succession of separate micro-commmunities, particularly between the shoreline and mid-island or between the drier high lands and lower flood-prone areas:

•  SLIDE SHOW OF BARRIER ISLAND PLANTS AND LANDSCAPES  •

PLANT LISTS

1 •  COASTAL UPLANDS: Beaches, Dunes, and Coastal Fields

2 •  COASTAL UPLANDS: Coastal Hammocks and Maritime Forests

3 •  COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS: Mangrove Shoreline

4 •  COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS: Tidal Flooded Land and Marshes


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COASTAL UPLANDS:  Beaches, Dunes and Coastal Fields Plants
Plant Botanical Name Plant Common Name

Beach/Dune Canopy Trees
none none

Beach/Dune Understory Trees
Coccoloba uvifera Seagrape PHOTOS

Beach/Dune Shrubs
Caesalpinia bonduc Gray Nickerbean PHOTOS
Chrysobalanus icaco Green Cocoplum PHOTOS
Dodonaea viscosa Varnishleaf PHOTOS
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean PHOTOS
Forestiera segregata Florida Privet PHOTOS
Gossypium hirsutum Wild Cotton PHOTOS
Ilex ambigua Sand Holly PHOTOS
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly PHOTOS
Myrcianthes fragrans Simpson Stopper PHOTOS
Randia aculeata White Indigoberry PHOTOS
Scaevola plumieri Inkberry PHOTOS
Serenoa repens Saw Palmetto PHOTOS
Sophora tomentosa var. truncata Necklacepod PHOTOS
Suriana maritima Bay Cedar PHOTOS
Tricerma phyllanthoides Florida Mayten PHOTOS

Beach/Dune Groundcovers
Alternanthera flavescens Yellow Joyweed
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus Bushy bluestem
Blutaparon vermiculare Samphire
Cakile lanceolata Coastal Searocket
Chamaesyce blodgetii Limestone Sandmat
Chamaesyce bombensis Dixie Sandmat
Chamaesyce mesembrianthemifolia Coastal Beach Sandmat
Chrysobalanus icaco 'Horizontalis' Horizontal Cocoplum PHOTOS
Ernodea littoralis Golden Creeper
Hydrocotyle bonariensis Largeleaf Marshpennywort
Hymenocallis latifolia Spider Lily
Ipomoea imperati [aka stolonifera] Beach Morningglory
Ipomoea pes-caprae Railroad Vine
Iva imbricata Beach Elder
Licania michauxii Gopher Apple
Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhly Grass
Opuntia stricta Prickly-Pear Cactus
Panicum amarum Bitter Panicum
Paspalum vaginatum Knotgrass PHOTOS
Phyla nodifera Turkey Tangle Fogfruit
Sesuvium portulacastrum Sea Purslane
Spartina patens Marsh Hay
Sporobolus virginicus Seashore Dropseed
Uniola paniculata Sea Oats
Zamia pumila Coontie

Beach/Dune Vines
Canavalia maritima Bay Bean
Cissus trifoliata Marinevine
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum Coinvine
Echites umbellata Devil's Potato
Ipomoea imperati Beach Morning-glory
Ipomoea indica var. acuminata Oceanblue Morning-glory
Ipomoea pes-caprae Railroad Vine
Passiflora incarnata Maypop
Passiflora suberosa Corky-stem Passion Vine
Pentalinon luteum Wild Allamanda

Beach/Dune Wildflowers
Bidens alba Beggarticks
Borrichia frutescens Bushy Seaside Oxeye
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea
Coreopsis leavenworthii Tickseed
Eustoma exaltatum Seaside Gentian
Flaveria linearis Yellow top
Gaillardia pulchella Blanket Flower
Helianthus debilis subsp. vestitus West Coast Dune Sunflower
Heliotropium curassavicum Seaside Heliotrope
Heterotheca subaxillaris Camphorweed
Hymenocallis latifolia Spider Lily
Lantana involucrata Buttonsage
Monarda punctata Horsemint
Oenothera humifusa Seaside Evening Primrose
Physalis angustifolia Coastal Ground Cherry
Salvia coccinea Tropical Sage
Solidago sempervirens Seaside Goldenrod
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Trailing Blue Porterweed
Suaeda linearis Sea Blite

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COASTAL UPLANDS:  Coastal Hammocks and Maritime Forest Plants
Plant Botanical Name Plant Common Name

Maritime Forest Canopy Trees
Bursera simaruba Gumbo-limbo
Celtis laevigata Sugarberry
Coccoloba uvifera Seagrape PHOTOS
Diospyros virginiana Persimmon
Ficus aurea Golden Fig aka Strangler Fig
Ficus citrifolia Shortleaf Fig
Juniperus silicicola Red Cedar
Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia
Persea borbonia Redbay
Piscidia piscipula Jamaican Dogwood
Quercus geminata Sand Live Oak
Quercus virginiana Live Oak
Sabal Palmetto Cabbage Palm
Sideroxylon foetidissimum False Mastic

Maritime Forest Understory Trees
Conocarpus erectus Green Buttonwood
Forestiera segregata Florida Privet
Ilex cassine Dahoon Holly
Ilex opaca American Holly
Laguncularia racemosa White Mangrove
Osmanthus americana Devilwood aka Wild Olive
Quercus myrtifolia Myrtle Oak
Sideroxylon celastrinum Saffron Plum
Zanthoxylum clava-hercules Hercules Club
Zanthoxylum fagara Wild Lime

Maritime Forest Shrubs
Ardisia escallonioides Marlberry
Callicarpa americana Beautyberry
Capparis cynophallophora Jamaican Capertree
Eugenia axillaris White Stopper
Eugenia foetida Spanish Stopper
Forestiera segregata Florida Privet PHOTOS
Gossypium hirsutum Wild Cotton PHOTOS
Hamelia patens Firebush
Ilex ambigua Sand Holly PHOTOS
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly PHOTOS
Myrcianthes fragrans Simpson Stopper PHOTOS
Myrica cerifera Wax Myrtle
Pithecellobium unguis-cati Cat Claw
Psychotria nervosa Wild Coffee
Rapanea punctata Myrsine
Serenoa repens Saw Palmetto PHOTOS
Sideroxylon tenax Tough Bumelia
Vaccinium arboreaum Sparkleberry

Maritime Forest Groundcovers
Zamia pumila Coontie

Maritime Forest Vines
Chiococca alba Snowberry
Ipomoea alba Moonflower
Ipomoea indica var. acuminata Oceanblue Morning-glory
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper
Vitis aestivalis Summer Grape

Maritime Forest Wildflowers
Bidens alba Beggarticks
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea
Coreopsis leavenworthii Tickseed
Encyclia tampensis Florida Butterfly Orchid
Gaillardia pulchella Blanket Flower
Heliotropium angiospermum Scorpiontail
Hymenocallis latifolia Spider Lily
Monarda punctata Horsemint
Salvia coccinea/td> Tropical Sage

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COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS:  Mangrove Shoreline Plants
Plant Botanical Name Plant Common Name

Mangrove Shoreline Canopy Trees
Avicennia germinans Black Mangrove
Conocarpus erectus Green Buttonwood
Laguncularia recemosa White Mangrove
Rhizophora mangle Red Mangrove

Mangrove Shoreline Understory Trees
none none

Mangrove Shoreline Shrubs
Acrostichum danaeifolium Leather Fern
Baccharis halimifolia Saltbush
Lycium carolinianum Christmasberry
Tricerma phyllanthoides Florida Mayten PHOTOS

Mangrove Shoreline Groundcovers
Batis maritima Saltwort
Borrichia frutescens Sea-oxeye Daisy
Limonium carolinianum Sea Lavender
Salicornia bigelovii Annual Glasswort
Salicornia ambigua Perennial Glasswort

Mangrove Shoreline Vines
none none

Mangrove Shoreline Wildflowers
Encyclia tampensis Florida Butterfly Orchid
Limonium carolinianum Sea Lavender
Hymenocallis latifolia Spider Lily

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COASTAL SALINE WETLANDS: Tidal Flooded Lands and Marshes Plants
Plant Botanical Name Plant Common Name

Tidal Lands Canopy Trees
none none

Tidal Lands Understory Trees
none none

Tidal Lands Shrubs
Achrostichum danaeifolium Leather Fern
Baccharis halimifolia Saltbush
Iva frutescens Marsh Elder
Lycium carolinianum Christmasberry

Tidal Lands Groundcovers
Bacopa monnieri Water Hyssop
Batis maritima Saltwort
Cladium jamaicense Sawgrass
Cyperus odoratus Sedge
Distichlis spicata Saltgrass
Eragrostis elliottii Elliott Lovegrass
Fimbristylis spadicea Marsh Fimbry
Fuirena scirpoidea Umbrella Sedge
Limonium carolinianum Sea Lavender
Monanthochloe littoralis Keygrass
Paspalum vaginatum Knotgrass PHOTOS
Salicornia bigelovii Annual Glasswort
Salicornia ambigua Perennial Glasswort
Scirpus tabernaemontani Soft-stem Bulrush
Sesuvium portulacastrum Sea Purslane
Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass
Spartina bakeri Sand Cordgrass
Spartina patens Marsh Hay
Sporobolus virginicus Seashore Dropseed

Tidal Lands Vines
none none

Tidal Lands Wildflowers
Agalinis maritima Saltmarsh False Foxglove
Kosteletzkya virginica Saltmarsh Mallow
Solidago sempervirens Seaside Goldenrod

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